Jnana Mudra or Gyan Mudra is the most common yogic mudra used in meditation. In Sanskrit, the word ‘Jnana’ Chin means consciousness in sanskrit, and the purpose of this mudra is to remind the practitioner of the goal of yoga, the union of the individual soul with the supreme soul. Mudra means seal, and it is essentially an energetic and spiritual gesture that controls the flow of energy within the body.
The fingers each have representations:
- Thumb: Supreme soul
- Index: Individual Soul
- Middle: ego
- Ring: Illusion / Maya
- Pinky: Karma
Ego, illusion and karma are the 3 impurities that the yogi is trying to remove from his life in order to unite their Individual Soul with the Supreme Soul and experience that divine, blissful state of union they strive for.
Doing chin mudra is a physical representation and reminder of this goal and serves to refocus and re-energize the practitioner. Try it and see how it makes you feel. Sit cross-legged, straighten your spine, close your eyes, bring both hands into chin mudra and rest your hands on your knees. Think pure thoughts and feel connected to the entire planet. Palms facing down: is grounding.
How to do Jnana Mudra?
Jnana mudra is used as a meditative gesture. Hence sit in any comfortable meditation asana like Padmasana, Sukhasana, Swastikasana or Siddhasana.
Fold the index finger and let it touch the base of the thumb. The forefinger forms a circle, but the thumb points straight out.
Straighten the other three fingers gently.
Place your hands on the knees
Adjust your position of the hands and relax the shoulders.
Keep the spine straight and practice your meditation technique.
Continue in this position for the full duration of your meditation.